Last Updated On February 18th, 2017 at 09:44 pm
Essay on Winter Season – Paragraph on Winter Season – Speech on Winter Season – Few Lines on Winter Season. Winter Season Essay for Kids and Students of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12.
Essay on Winter Season
Winter is part of the four conventional seasons of the year. It is the coldest season in temperate and polar climates and happens between the autumn season and the spring season. It is the outcome of the Earth’s axis in which the hemisphere is diverted from the Sun. Various cultures mark different dates as the beginning of the winter season and many such dates are based on weather.
When it is summer in the Southern hemisphere, there is winter season in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa. In many areas, the winter season is associated with freezing temperatures and snow. In this essay, we shall discuss winter, a few methods of determination of the same, and other things associated with the subject-matter. There are several ways in which the beginning of the winter season is determined and three of them have been mentioned below:
- Meteorological winter is the mode of evaluating the winter season, which meteorologists use. The determination is premised on sensible weather patterns, which are recorded routinely. Meteorologists often define winter to those three calendar months witnessing the lowest average temperatures. In the Northern hemisphere, these months are December, January, and February and in the Southern Hemisphere, the months are June, July, and August. In the Northern hemisphere, the coldest average temperatures are usually experienced during January or February whereas, in the Southern hemisphere, such temperatures are experienced during the July or August. One of the phenomena that occur during this season is Diamond dust which is also known as ice crystals or ice needles. Accumulation of ice and snow are usually associated with winter in areas falling in the Northern hemisphere because of the presence of big land masses. In the southern hemisphere, the winter is milder and ice and snow are not as commonly witnessed as in Northern hemisphere.
- Another method of determination of winter is by means of astronomical reckoning. Some authorities in Northern hemisphere define winter on the basis of astronomically fixed points (which is essentially on the basis of the Earth with respect to the Sun).One version says that winter starts at the winter solstice and culminates at the vernal equinox. In some cultures, the winter season is considered as starting at the solstice and ending at the equinox. The dates differ, for example, in Scandinavia, the date is usually fixed at 14th October as the beginning of the winter season and the last day of February as the culmination of the same; in Russia, the winter begins on December 1 and remains until the end of February. In many European countries, St. Martin’s Day (celebrated on November 11) is recognized as the start of the winter season. In China, the winter season starts around November 7 traditionally. Countries such as Canada experience winter well before December but they nevertheless regard the month as the beginning of winter season. So, astronomically speaking, the commencement of the season is more or less a question of the position of the Earth in its orbit in respect of the Sun.
- The third method is the Ecological reckoning, which as the name suggests takes into consideration ecological factors in the determination of winter season. Ecological reckoning avoids fixation of dates. Ecologists recognize six seasons, out which it uses the term hibernal to refer to the winter This hibernal season falls with the period witnessing biological dormancy. To withstand the winter, many animals exhibit certain behavioral patterns as mentioned in the following list:
Migration: It is a common behavioral pattern shown by animals, especially birds.
Hibernation: It is a state in which animals show reduced metabolic activity during the winter season. Many animals sleep during this season and come out during the warm season such as snakes, frogs, bats, etc. Instead of hibernating, some animals collect and store food during this season and live on it such as beavers, squirrels, skunks, raccoons, and badgers.
Many animals show resistance in the form of change in color or development of a masculine body such as Arctic fox, weasel, mountain hare, rock ptarmigan, etc. Some fur animals develop heavy fur coats during this season, helping them in heat retention process in the cold season. In the warm season, these animals shed the extra fur they have grown during winter.
Some annual plants do not survive the winter season whereas others do in order to finish their life cycle (also called vernalization). Plants exhibit hardening, which is a process which enables the plants to become acclimated to cold weather conditions. Deciduous trees let the upper part of their bodies remain dormant during this season.
Now that we discussed a great deal about a few methodologies for the determination of winter season, let us take a sneak peek on some of the most significant winters the world has ever witnessed. Some of the following mentioned incidents are undoubtedly mind-blowing:
- The period between 1310 and 1330 witnessed some of the most severe winters in Europe. It is often termed as the Little Ice Age that remained for many centuries. The cold weather was responsible for the outbreak of the Great famine of 1315-1317 and is strongly associated with the Black Death.
- During the period between 1683 and 1684, the Great Frost happened. In this, River Thames was frozen for two months straight. Ice was approximately 27 cm thick in London and about 120 cm thick in Somerset. During this period, there were huge losses as shipping could not conveniently be carried out
- The year 1816 is termed as the Year Without a Summer in the areas falling in the Northern hemisphere.
- 2011 is considered as one of the chilliest winters of all time in New Zealand, with sea level snowfall in Wellington in the month of July in 25 years.
- During the year 1888, the United States of America witnessed the Great Blizzard which lowered the temperature to staggering figures. The period is regarded as one of the coldest in the United States’ history. In the same year, the Schoolhouse Blizzard happened which affected the Midwest for a long time.
- The winter season of the year 2013 is considered to be abnormally cold.
Winter Season Essay – Winter Season Paragraph – Winter Season Speech – Winter Season Few Lines. Winter Season Essay for Kids and Students of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12.