Last Updated On February 18th, 2017 at 10:04 am
Essay on Corruption – Paragraph on Corruption – Speech on Corruption – Few Lines on Corruption. Corruption Essay for Kids and Students of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12.
Essay on Corruption
Corruption is one of the root causes that have resulted in discrimination, dishonest use of financial resources, and all other kinds of activities that are not healthy for the society. It produces a poisoning effect in the minds of people. It comprises misuse of financial resources of a nation for the purposes of getting undue monetary advantages. Corruption is not just misuse of financial resources but involves a show of power in ensuring that such misuse results in maximum profit and least institutional interferences.
Corruption affects the entire international community and is one of the biggest reasons of inequalities in the world, where those with money and power get more than they deserve and those with meager financial resources but skills receive not even the bare minimum of what they deserve. Corruption produces regressive effects on the development of a nation politically, economically and socially.
All that mentioned in the aforementioned paragraph is a brief introduction to corruption, which otherwise has a phenomenally large scope and a nearly universal presence. In this essay, we shall explore what corruption is, what its causes and effects are and what makes it such a nuisance.
Corruption is a kind of unethical or dishonest conduct exhibited by a person who is entrusted with an authoritative position, generally to obtain personal benefits. It may include different activities such as embezzlement and bribery, though it may involve activities that are not illegal in several countries. Government corruption, which is often referred to as political corruption, occurs when a governmental employee, in his official capacity, indulges in corrupt activities for accruing personal benefits.
It is also understood as the illegitimate application of public power for satisfying a personal interest. Famous Economist, Ian Senior, states that corruption involves the secretive provision of a service or a good to a third party in order to ensure influence over certain actions beneficial to the third party or both. There is the emergence of what is known as legal corruption, which is essentially an abuse of power within the ambit of law, often by those who are entrusted with the power to make laws.
Corruption has an immensely wide scope and there is no way to limit it. It happens on different scales. Corruption can be found in the form of small favors between a few numbers of persons and this is often termed as petty corruption. Then, we have grand corruption, which, as the name suggests, happens on a large scale and impacts the government significantly. There is also systemic corruption, which is part of the everyday activities. Let us take up each of these three individually and understand what exactly they are.
Petty Corruption happens at a small scale and usually occurs at the enforcement end of public services. At these ends, the public officials interact with the public. Some examples falling within this category are obtaining favors by sending gifts, or using personal connections to ensure a certain work done, or swift completion of regular government procedures. Such form of corruption is undertaken by lower-level officials, who are substantially underpaid.
Up next is Grand Corruption, which occurs at the highest levels of government in a manner directly or indirectly affecting the legal, political, or economic systems. This form of corruption is found in nations with dictatorial or authoritarian regimes, though it is not uncommon in countries imposing adequate checks on corruption. This form of corruption emerges when a person or a governmental body wants to make changes in certain influential policies but has to go through a rigorous process for the same.
Systemic Corruption is also known as endemic corruption. It is a form of corruption that happens due to weaknesses in a process or organization. Factors that foster systemic corruption includes discretionary powers, conflicting incentives, lack of transparency, monopolistic powers, low pay, the culture of impunity, etc. There can be both centralized and decentralized forms of systemic corruption, the nature of which depend on the level of government at which corruption takes place.
Corruption comes in different forms and it is always not easy to detect it. For example, it is extremely difficult to detect the presence of corruption in those governmental bodies that handle sensitive issues such as defense. Corruption is however not limited to governmental bodies.
The big question is what the main causes of corruption are and the answer to this question has been given below:
- Poor pay scales or wages: Individuals occupying low-level positions in public and private services become vulnerable to the temptation of corruption. Employees that are unpaid seek out other sources of income and corruption is probably the easiest source for this matter.
- Lack of job opportunities: Competition is rife since opportunities are less and talents are more. There is always an unfortunate lot of individuals who fail to grab hold of opportunities and end up unemployed. This compels them to indulge in corruption.
- Lack of Transparency: The Governmental process is unnecessarily lengthy and time-consuming. People at the end of the process are hardly wary of what goes throughout these procedures. The inordinateness of the governmental process is so annoying that people are forced to bribe governmental officials to hurry up the process in their favor. To ensure transparency, there is the Right to Information Act 2005but there are still things that remain undone and therefore, corruption expands more and more and troubles everyone.
- Corruption in judiciary: Judiciary is regarded as the vanguard of rights and liberties of people of the country but its sacrosanct reputation is now dwindling because of the percolating corruption. It is not uncommon to hear about judges, lawyers or clients being bribed. This has skewed the whole purpose of the judiciary and resulted in a lack of faith among the general Motivated by this, people engage in corruption with impunity. Take it anyone: politicians, government, and even ordinary individuals do not adhere to the mandates of the judiciary. Corruption in Judiciary is one of the most dangerous forms of corruption that presently prevails in the society.
- Lack of accountability: Due to lack of checks and balances imposing accountability, corruption is rife. Governmental officials take zillion years to clear only a few files and if they get a super-rich client, they make sure they get the best benefits out of them. This lack of accountability motivates people to participate in corrupt activities. In this regard, there has to be proper implementation of laws because otherwise there will be no solution to this nuisance that poses great harm to the society.
The aforementioned list is not exhaustive and there can be other factors contributing to the emergence of corruption. Let us halt herein and switch to the effects of corruption:
- The more corrupt a nation is, the more doubtful other nations will be. Such nations will have misgivings about trading with a corrupt country. This will cause economic losses, as it may result in high prices, reduced investment, minimization of participation of nations in the development process, inferior quality infrastructures, etc.
- Corruption in government and judiciary dwindles the faith of people in the political and justice delivery systems of the country. They will develop a feeling that grievances shall never be adequately and fairly addressed, making them ignorant and more amenable to corrupt activities.
- It may result in deterioration of poor health and hygiene because there will be no proper roads, fresh drinking water, quality food, food adulteration, etc.
- Corruption is antithetical to innovation and promotion of skills. In the realm of corruption, only the powerful and rich wins and others are sidelined
- Corruption can increase the levels of pollution, as many factory owners try to bribe officials to ensure early environmental clearances and concessions. These factories dump harmful wastes into the water bodies and pollute the soil and air severely and all this remains unchecked due to corruption.
Corruption is a complicated problem and cannot be solved in a day or two. It requires efforts from all segments of the society. It is an extremely sensitive issue, especially to a developing country, and therefore, it must be handled with great caution.
Corruption Essay – Corruption Paragraph – Corruption Speech – Corruption Few Lines. Corruption Essay for Kids and Students of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12.