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Essay on Child Labour – Paragraph on Child Labour – Speech on Child Labour – Few Lines on Child Labour. Child Labour Essay for Kids and Students of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12.
Essay on Child Labour
One of the worst forms of exploitations that predate the world is child labour. It is, however, not a modern issue but is known to have existed since a long time. It became more prominent during Industrial Revolution when children from lower class were employed in dangerous working environments such as mining. Children were subjected to hazardous environments, physical and mental torture that resulted in the poor physical and mental development of children and of course, reflected an utter violation of human rights.
These children, who were supposed to study and prepare for future, were confined to dark, precarious surroundings where only their labours mattered, not their lives. Child Labour is condemnable and should be absolutely abolished. Child Labour has been in the international limelight, ever since the rise of human rights movement. The Human Rights movement demands preservation and protection of rights of children, whose integral part is non-subjection to forced labour.
The movement has highlighted grave violations of physical privacy, which can occur through sexual or non-sexual abuse. There also exists a strong link between the rise of child sex abuse and child labour, which is downright abhorrent. The International Labour Organization has been vocal against child labour.
A number of conventions exist that pertain to Child Labour such as the Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour that was adopted in the year 1999. It is regarded as a part of the eight ILO fundamental conventions. Within this list, those conventions pertaining to child labour have been enumerated below:
- Forced Labour Convention, 1930
- Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957
- Minimum Age Convention, 1973
These aforementioned conventions lay down international standards for the determination of child labour and serve as guiding frameworks to ratifying countries, who formulate their domestic laws on child labour in consonance with the principles contained in these conventions.
Just like in any other country, Child Labour is a serious social, political and economic issue. What makes it more complicated is the fact that parents have to send their young children to work because of poor living conditions and deficit financial resources. The idea that everyone in the family should contribute persists. Developed nations are in a better state to eradicate this problem but when it comes to developing and under-developed countries, it becomes an uphill task to check the occurrence of child labour. Thus, child labour is a complex issue that cannot be easily dealt with in a country such as India.
We have talked about child labour enough in the aforementioned paragraphs and a question might have struck you as to what child labour is. Child labour is essentially the service that children in their younger days pay in any area of work. Children are forced to work due to many reasons such as the shortage of resources to survive, recklessness on the part of parents, trafficking by gangsters and mafias.
What makes child labour evil is that it takes away the precious, tender years of children in which they are supposed to play, learn, commit mistakes and learn from them but when they are forced into labour, all of these remain distant dreams. That is where human rights are infringed.
In India, there is a law in respect of Child law, namely: The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. The Act is presently one of the most debated legislations in India. It does not completely abolish child labour and lays down areas where children can and cannot work. The law defines a child as any person falling within the age of 14 years. It disallows children from working in occupations such as construction work, railway establishments, plastic factories, mining, automobile garages, etc.
Children must not be involved in places where processes such as tanning, beedi making, soap manufacture, roof tiles, etc occur. The law, however, does not cover those workshops run by family members which involve labour from children members.
The provisions of the law were made taking into considering the causes and consequences of the child labour. While we have briefly mentioned what the causes may be, let us briefly apprise ourselves with few consequences of child labour:
- Child labour results in physical harm and mutilations that can be occasioned by machinery used in factories and on farms, accidents, etc.
- One of the biggest killers of child workers is Pesticide poisoning. The global death toll from pesticide poisoning is in the neighborhood of 40,000.
- Child labour results in long-term health issues such as asbestosis, respiratory ailments, cancers among many other health issues.
- HIV and other Sexually transmitted diseases (abbreviated as STDs) are rampant among children who are forced into sexual labour. Pregnancy, mental illnesses, drug addiction are commonly found among child prostitutes.
- Malnutrition and exhaustion are results of underdeveloped children, engaging in manual labour and longer working hours in unhealthy conditions.
- Child labour is largely responsible for deficiency in growth, making children lighter and shorter. These deficiencies can greatly impact their adulthood.
Now the big question arises what can be done on your part to stop child labour. Well, the following list lays down some suggestions:
- Public awareness is a fundamental requirement. It is important that we inculcate in parents as well as children the harmful effects of child labour. Campaigns crusading against child labour should be promoted and laws relating to child labour should be popularized among masses, particularly the low classes.
- Be vigilant about your surroundings. Report to police against the employer employing children in hazardous working conditions.
- Participate in the effective enforcement and implementation of child labour
- Do not employ children as domestic help in your houses.
- Encourage child labourers in pursuing education instead.
Child Labour is an abomination. It places delicate children in the harshest of conditions, which are detrimental to their overall well-being. This practice results in some really upsetting consequences, most of them being unchangeable. Child labour can destroy the entire life of a child and therefore, it is our responsibility to fight this evil. Fighting child labour is difficult task undoubtedly but it is certainly not impossible.
Child Labour Essay – Child Labour Paragraph – Child Labour Speech – Child Labour Few Lines. Child Labour Essay for Kids and Students of Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12.